“Look again at that dot. That’s here. That’s home. That’s us” (Carl Sagan). But that dot might not be the only one in the future.
On the second day of the BISMUN Conference 2013, the main topic in the 4th Committee of the GA, the Special Political and Decolonization committee, was space. Sorin Tanasescu, former Ambassador of Romania in Tunis, honored the committee with his presence. Mr. Tanasescu was kind to share his knowledge on the rules of procedure in the UN committees. Also, the committee received a visit from the Secretary General of BISMUN 2013, who congratulated the delegates and expressed his support and confidence with respect to their capacity to solve the problems under discussion.
In the the first session, the chosen topic was the colonization of outer space. Space colonization is defined as the act of sending people to live and govern in space, by establishing and settlements and appropriate living conditions. Space colonization can occur on a planet, natural satellite, or asteroid. In their opening speeches, all the member delegates approved of it, taking into consideration Earth’s limited resources and the increasing population. Even though all countries support this action, there are different perspectives on tackling the subject. Cuba, for example, is concerned with the militarization of space and its dangers. This is considered to be one of the main issues by most of the delegates.
In the second session, the debate centered on the necessary resources needed to explore and exploit the outer space. The proposed solutions were financing countries with scientific potential in exploiting resources in space and, of course, sharing the benefits between the explorers and the investors. Regarding colonization, delegates such as India and America, sustained collaboration. Colonization of space should be done uniting forces, and not by individual nations.
To summarize, all the nations involved in this session established that change could happen and our world as we all know it may diversify, extend and develop. Nevertheless, our purpose and goal as human beings must remain stable during this scientific and industrial revolution. We are not completely aware of the impact of colonization of outer space, but the constant value that we must protect and reshape is keeping peace and cooperation among nations.