Within the Security Council, the second part of the conference debuted under the auspices of a moderated caucus on the theme regarding the elimination the arms trade as a way of eliminating the civil war in Yemen. By far, the most energetic delegates that strongly wished to express their point of view on this topic were the delegate of United Kingdom, Ukraine and China. Nevertheless, all the delegates brought up a series of solutions to the problem of arms trade in Yemen as most of them directly linked the existence of arms trade to the existence of war in Yemen. Some measures included intelligence gathering, fighting against rebels.
From here, the discussion went further to the topic regarding illegal funding of terrorist groups in Yemen, topic proposed by the delegate of Spain and from the start, our delegate outlined the importance of protecting civilians, as they represent the main target of the terrorist groups. If Senegal proposed as a solution to this problem that regarded clarifying the political situation in the country given the fact that the political factor holds great importance in fighting terrorism, other states, such as Egypt and Senegal, also proposed as a measure the establishment of a cease fire between the opposing forces fueling the war in the country.
It is the intervention of the distinguished Chairperson, Dimitris Zacharpoulos, who outlined the need to pass to formulating more practical solutions to the present problem discussed by the delegates that lead the discussions towards one new direction marked by an unmoderated caucus on the theme of finding practical solutions the existing problems in Yemen.
The unmoderated caucus was followed by a moderated one, during which the delegate of Spain to the United Nations Security Council broke the ice by proposing a number of practical solutions to the problem discussed, outlining thus that the discussions held between the delegates during the unmoderated caucus were fruitful and lead to reaching a common ground between delegates.
In the words of the delegate of the United Kingdom, common ground is of a great importance, expressing its gratitude towards the other delegates for reaching such a consensus, a gratitude expressed, otherwise, by many delegates, among which we can count the ones representing Angola and Senegal.
For the delegation of Ukraine, the political agreement is, together with the solutions proposed by the delegation of United Kingdom, very important. However, one idea that revitalized the discussion was represented by the proposal brought forward by the delegate of People’s Republic of China, who advanced the idea of starting the negotiations between the two political parties opposing in Yemen but as well, it would be needed to restore the government.
All in all, there are high hopes that a common ground, in what concerns a practical solution to the problem concerned, will be reached.
By Oana Cristea, Security Council Press Officer