What better way to start the day than with a samba dance? At least that’s how the SOCHUM Committee does it. Today, the delegates of Brazil and Yemen delighted all of us with a refreshing and stimulating dance, as a punishment for using “I”.
Moving on to more serious issues, all delegations have already made clear their state’s position towards the topics. The situation is quite different from the other day, as the delegations have started working on various working papers and begun presenting the main points of these working papers. Succeeding, the delegates entered a moderated caucus wishing to focus more on finding ways to repair and restore the destroyed monuments from conflict zones.
The delegation of Russia argued for the need of a commission of experts in this conflict zones to deal with the damaged monuments. His statement was later reaffirmed by the delegation of United States of America and the delegation of France. The delegation of South Korea ensured the starting of deliberations concerning the funding of this new possible endeavor when he propose that the funds must come from the each country GDP, from UNESCO, national NGOs and unspecified international programs. However, delegation of India signaled the fact that the UN budget is limited. Therefore, the delegates begun suggesting alternative sources of funding, yet they could not reach a consensus.
A different issue was later raised by the delegation of Afghanistan which stated that the restitution of a historical monument will cause its devaluation. In response, the delegation of France affirmed that we are not talking about complete restoration of monuments but of implementing measure to assure that the damaged building are not completely destroyed.
Nevertheless, the idea of replicating monuments for cultural and educational purposes seemed to arouse some of the delegations that continued to debate on this. The delegation of Saudi Arabia put an end to the discussion stating that it is the duty of the UN to implement measures that only it can make happen.
Down the line, the problem of national sovereignty begun to be discussed. Numerous delegations affirmed that the counties who are most affected by the measures suggested by the Committee have not said enough. This could not be truer as a significant number of states directly affected have not declared anything in this regards.
Afterwards, an unmoderated caucus was proposed which significantly changed the situation. Several delegations have aligned in alliance and started coordinating their interests.
Now we have The United States of America, Germany and other NATO countries on one side; The Russia Federation and Iran on the other side; and India and France working together on this topic. However we must keep in mind that the situation can change at any moment.
By Bălan Oana, SOCHUM