After heated debates, multiple reconsiderations, changes of minds and verbal knifes thrown in the room, the delegates had created a draft resolution that apparently suits all the major players. Signed between Russia, USA, France, China, United Kingdom, Egypt, Italy, Japan, Vatican, Red Cross, Australia and South Africa, the paper recognizes the necessity to keep the nuclear power in civilian sectors, but it was also pointed out that appropriate facilities for the exploitation must increase in number and quality. We also observe the increased powers of IAEA, its funds and prerogatives during the meetings, the Russian Federation expressed in multiple cases its pledge to increase the cash flows and it will offer all the support towards IAEA. Also, the draft endorses the implementation of the NWFZ in the Middle East, by creating a specialized conference, including all member states, under thecoordinationof IAEA.
But what is really crucial in this working paper is given by the BINDING agreements stipulated in it. For the first time, the Non-Proliferation of nuclear weapons treaty can be defended with clauses that enforce economic and diplomatic sanctions in case of withdrawal and violation. Regarding the disarmament, concrete steps are adopted: 2% reduction/year for the next 50 years and immediate 15% reduction of the nuclear arsenals until 2032.
Also, article 10 regarding the exploitation of nuclear energy is to be applauded because it seeks to diminish the possible accidents by separating the elements and encouraging the states that have expertise to deal with the matters of transition of nuclear elements.
During this news, the working paper may suffer some changes, but the substantial articles appear to be written in stone. But stones liquefyin front of a nuclear blast.
By Tiplea Paul Dragomir