In favor or against the policy of “Open Borders”

DSC_0364After the break, here, in ECOSOC, the delegates seem to be even more engaged on the topic than they were in the first session. The debate started from where they were left in the morning.

First to express the position of the country was the delegate of Morocco, whom was followed by the delegates of USA, Estonia, Haiti and France. The delegate of France comes up with a possible solution to the refugees’ problem which imply that each and every country should send money to a fund created especially to help the countries who accept refugees in order to  integrate them.

The delegate of The United Kingdom explained the country’s position towards the crisis of the refugees. The United Kingdom has a policy for taking refugees since the World War II, being the country that houses the second biggest number after the United States of America.

After this there were proposed other motions such as: “International Strategy for getting refugees”, “Economic Aid for refugees” or “Opening the Borders”. The only motion which passed the voting procedure was the “Opening the Borders”. The motion was proposed by the delegate of the USA who states that the countries should get more refugees in order to help as many people as possible. This created a heated debate.

The delegation of Estonia, San Marino, Pakistan and Uganda made clear that they are against the policy of the “open borders”. The delegate of Estonia brings up the recent attacks which took place in Turkey, which adopted the policy and emphasized the seriousness of having to face 4 attacks in 5 months. The delegate of Japan reminds the council that the policy has been tried and failed on the part of the security, many of the countries which had implemented the policy being victims of terrorist attacks. The delegate of Brazil states that they are ready to apply the policy because “humanity has no borders”. The delegate of Mauritania says that the countries can decide for themselves if they accept refugees or not.

After this, the delegates debated for 20 minutes of unmoderated talk during which they discussed how to minimize the chaos created during the transition of the refugees, as well as problems that may occur and they expressed their opinions on whether they should or should not accept refugees. The delegate of Serbia came up with a possible solution to the problem. She declares that a good idea would be to create safe routes on which they should transit in order to get to the countries which are willing to take them. When the talk was over, the delegates continue declaring their positions upon the topic.

When the time was over, the delegate of the United Kingdom proposed a motion on the “Refugees housed in neighbor countries” topic, but unfortunately it didn’t pass the voting procedure. The USA delegate suggested the motion “Creating development for the countries which house refugees”. The motion passed and this created a really interesting discussion.

Another topic which was debated was the “Spending budget for the refugees”. The delegates declared that money should be directed to help the refugees. The delegate of Serbia explained that they should direct money to get the necessities and emphasized the need to have the refugees integrated and working on the legal market. The delegate of Japan stated that, first of all, they should know which are the countries which are willing to host refugees. The delegate of Bolivia comes up with the suggestion of creating an international fund for the countries which are hosting the refugees. The delegation of Croatia states that the money should be directed to the countries that host refugees, but in a way in which those funds would keep both the refugees and the population safe. The delegate of the United Kingdom comes with the proposal of creating safe zones for them. The delegate of the Federation of Russia states that the money should be used in order to help the government of the countries from which the refugees leave.

The session was suspended at 17.59. The delegates were willing to share the countries’ positions towards the motion. So, we believe that we will have really intense discussions these days!

By Teodora- Ioana Fediuc

   ECOSOC Press Officer

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